Exploring Soccer Development The SPANISH Way
In America, the the majority of clubs and academies have attempted to coach multiple concepts following one doctrine of training, taken from school and old military training techniques. Our methodology has come from Spain where they have dissected and reorganized how training should be approached. Within our training system, two types of methodologies are differentiated:
A multidisciplinary approach that is linked to the idea that maximum sporting performance is obtained through the sum of all the concepts taught (technical, tactical, physical, psychological and visual) but with isolated and totally different objectives. This means that if each of these concepts are taught and drilled regularly, specifically technical aspects, a child-player would then become a good soccer player and therefore fit into any soccer system and team.
An integrated approach is based on the fact that in the practice of sports, the technical-tactical, physical, psychological and visual skills are all expressed intimately, united but differentiated. The common denominator of this methodology is always technique and tactics. Through it, the remaining qualities that are involved in sporting performance are developed therefore creating uniquely strong players for specific positions and as such creating a stronger team.
Multidisciplinary Training Methodology
The first of these (multidisciplinary) is still used in many football schools, and it is a totally outdated methodology that emerged around the 1980s, and was based on individual athletics training, so it has no basis in any team sport, since this doctrine is purely for individual sports.
If you can imagine a team that is either made up of; 1. kids with differing skill levels for each of the training categories trying to play together or 2. A team of good technical kids that are playing together because they are good and not because they fit a certain position. You would have weaknesses in your formations in either case (As represented above)
Integrated Training Methodology
On the other hand, this school project aims to follow integrated training guidelines, an approach that stems from the whole (competitive situation), to address from here the specific, developing learning in a very similar context to a competitive one and with a qualitative assessment of play and training.
The integrated system work very well in an environment where the child players natural talent and inclination emerge therefore allowing coaches to adjust the training to fit the dynamic of the team and place player in the the proper spot for significant growth. One size does not fit all and each player is a piece in the winning puzzle. (Also represented above)
Development Through the Ages
Many exercises try to achieve the objective of teaching and training football, following the child’s characteristics in each stage and observing different focuses. Our experience tells us that the objectives of a phase progress due to the premature start of a specific football activity. Because of this, currently, we follow and distinguish the following stages:
PHASE 1: Building the child’s relationship with his environment
PHASE 2: Building the relationship with the ball
PHASE 3: Building team play with teammates and against opponents
PHASE 4: Developing notions of space and time related to team play
Depending on the child’s age and skill level, we will give more or less priority to one phase or another and each phase will have a percentage of the whole training year.
The graph above gives an idea of how each phase has its priority over each year and how the long term approach to training has the greatest impact on developing professional players.
At 4-8, player development lies more in basic motor skills and fundamental technical development. Equal playing time and flexible positioning should be allowed so that natural qualities emerge.
At 9-13 player development progresses to more individual technique and in tactical movement. Players can still be moved around to develop individual qualities to each position so they and their coaches can evaluate what they are good at.
At 14-18 player development lies more in Positional, Group and Team Development. Qualities of a player should be developed and each position should be filled by a player with the qualities specific to that position and the formations the team has in mind.
At 19+ player development lies specifically in Group and Team Development. Individual training is done on a players own time.
The Brain-Body Cycle of
Techniques and Tactics
In order to deliver a training system that include both technical and tactical exercises that will stick with our players, we take into consideration, a brain -body cycle that will allow us to continue to give more information by way of study and game play all while expanding their ability to absorb the information, be it physical or mental. You cannot give more information to a child than they can handle. but you can help them broaden the ability to absorb information and then deliver that information. Both are needed to develop a child properly. otherwise you are just yelling at a kids from the sidelines, asking them to do something they are either physically not capable of doing or mentally unable to understand how to do it.
This is a critical piece to the training methodology.